Home » Archaeoindris by Jesse Russell
Archaeoindris Jesse Russell

Archaeoindris

Jesse Russell

Published March 15th 2012
ISBN : 9785512343326
Paperback
92 pages
Enter answer

 About the Book 

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Archaeoindris fontoynonti is an extinct species of Malagasy lemur that was the largest primate to evolve on Madagascar. It weighed about 200 kg (440 lb) and measured around 1.5m in height, more than aMoreHigh Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Archaeoindris fontoynonti is an extinct species of Malagasy lemur that was the largest primate to evolve on Madagascar. It weighed about 200 kg (440 lb) and measured around 1.5m in height, more than a silverback gorilla. Archaeoindris is one of eight known members of the Palaeopropithecinae subfamily. Archaeoindris belongs to a lineage of lemurs called sloth lemurs because they are built similarly to modern South American tree sloths. Initially, its large body size, and the anatomy of its femur, suggested a similar mode of life to ground sloths, and Archaeoindris was believed to be almost exclusively terrestrial. As more fossil material came to light, however, it turned out that its arms and legs were better adapted for slow, ponderous climbing. Phalangeal curvature in primates is correlated with hand and foot function- highly suspensory forms such as the orangutan possess the most curved phalanges. Sloth lemurs, of which Archaeoindris is one, are characterized by very curved proximal phalanges, approaching that of orangutans. However, the data presented in the reference does not include measurements from Archaeoindris, possibly because phalanges had not been recovered at that time.